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Musculature

Latin: musculus - little mouse
German: Muskulatur

1 Definition

The musculature describes the entity of all muscles of one organism or of a single body region. At the same time it refers to the biggest organ of the body in relation to the mass of the body, while in relation to the surface, the biggest organ is considered the skin.

2 Classification

2.1 Histology

Classificated by histologicals aspects and specific attributes, there are different types of musculature

The voluntarily, arbitrary influencable skeletal muscles are also referred to as somatic musculature, while arbitrary non-inflencable muscles (smooth muscles and cardiac muscle) are referred to as visceral musculature. The striated muscles originated from the myotomes of the somites from the body walls, while the smooth musculature originated from the mesodorm of the splanchnopleura, so that this kind of musculature is designated as musculature of the intestines. In regions of the foregut, the visceral musculature gets innervated by the cerebral nerves and is striated, while the rest consists of smooth musculature.

2.2 Anatomy

Specialties: Anatomy

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