Medicipate! Increase your knowledge dose 
Increase your knowledge dose
Write article
Please log in to edit this article.

Subclavian artery

Revision as of 11:04, 23 October 2015 by <dcDeletedUserNotActive> (Talk | contribs)

(diff) ← Older revision | Latest revision (diff) | Newer revision → (diff)

Synonyms: arteria subclavia
German: Arteria subclavia

1 Definition

The subclavian artery is a paired artery near the stem, which carries oxygenated blood to the head, throat, arm and shoulder.

2 Origin

The left subclavian artery arises from the aortic arch, the right subclavian artery and common carotid artery both originate in the brachiocephalic trunk.

3 Course

The subclavian artery extends under the clavicle and under the pectoralis minor muscle into the interscalene space formed by the Anterior scalene muscle and median scalene muscle to the lower edge of the pectoralis major muscle. From here on, it is referred to as the axillary artery.

For the subclavian artery, the interscalene space is a bottleneck, which can lead to impaired blood flow. This is known as scalene syndrome.

4 Branches

The artery gives off the following branches:

5 Function

The subclavian artery supplies the upper extremities as well as portions of the throat and thorax region with arterial blood.

6 Clinic

The subclavian artery is used, among other things, for operative treatment of aortic coarctation. The process entrails rotation plasty of the subclavian artery.

To comment on this article, please login..

Click here for creating a new article in the DocCheck Flexikon.

Last authors:

0 rating(s) (0 ø)


You have any questions?
Copyright ©2019 DocCheck Medical Services GmbH | Switch to mobile version
Follow DocCheck: