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Retroperitoneal

Revision as of 12:59, 18 June 2016 by Aaron Weiß (Talk | contribs)

German: retroperitoneal

1 Definition

Retroperitoneal is a term used to discribe structures and organs which are just anteriorly coverd by peritoneum.

2 Classification

The classification is given by the different development of the organs within the abdominal cavity.

2.1 Primarily retroperitoneal

Primarily retroperitoneal organs develop and remain anteriorly covered by peritoneum. Examples of primarily retroperitoneal organs are kidney and ureter.

2.2 Secondarily retroperitoneal

Secondarily retroperitoneal organs develop first intraperitoneal but they become retroperitoneal during emryogenesis. Examples of secondarily retroperitoneal organs are ascending and descending colon or pancreas.

3 Mnemonic

A mnemonic for retroperitoneal organs is SAD PUCKER.

  • S = Suprarenal glands
  • A = Aorta and Inferior vena cava
  • D = Duodenum (except first two cm)
  • P = Pancreas (except tail of pancreas)
  • U = Ureter
  • C = Colon (ascending and descending part)
  • K = Kidney
  • E = Esophagus
  • R = Rectum

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