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Difference between revisions of "Retroperitoneal"

(Primarily retroperitoneal)
(Secondarily retroperitoneal)
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=== Secondarily retroperitoneal ===
 
=== Secondarily retroperitoneal ===
Secondarily retroperitoneal organs develop first intraperitoneal but they become retroperitoneal during [[emryogenesis]]. Examples of secondarily retroperitoneal organs are ascending and descending [[colon]] or [[pancreas]].
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Secondarily retroperitoneal organs develop first intraperitoneal but they become retroperitoneal during [[emryogenesis]]. They are:
 +
 
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*[[Cecum]]
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*[[Ascending colon]]  
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*[[Descending colon]]
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*[[Rectum]] - it's proximal 2/3
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*[[Pancreas]]
  
 
== Mnemonic ==
 
== Mnemonic ==

Revision as of 12:04, 18 June 2016

German: retroperitoneal

1 Definition

Retroperitoneal is a term used to discribe structures and organs which are just anteriorly coverd by peritoneum.

2 Classification

The classification is given by the different development of the organs within the abdominal cavity.

2.1 Primarily retroperitoneal

Primarily retroperitoneal organs develop and remain anteriorly covered by peritoneum. They are:

2.2 Secondarily retroperitoneal

Secondarily retroperitoneal organs develop first intraperitoneal but they become retroperitoneal during emryogenesis. They are:

3 Mnemonic

A mnemonic for retroperitoneal organs is SAD PUCKER.

  • S = Suprarenal glands
  • A = Aorta and Inferior vena cava
  • D = Duodenum (except first two cm)
  • P = Pancreas (except tail of pancreas)
  • U = Ureter
  • C = Colon (ascending and descending part)
  • K = Kidney
  • E = Esophagus
  • R = Rectum

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