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Difference between revisions of "Glucose"

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''Synonyms: Dextrose, Saccharum amylaceum, Saccharum uvarum<BR>
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''Abbreviation: Glc<br>
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''Empirical formula: C<sub>6</sub>H<sub>12</sub>O<sub>6</sub><br>
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'''''German''': Glukose
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==Definition==
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'''Glucose''' is a [[monosaccharide]] that is very common in nature. It is one of the most important [[carbohydrate]]s.
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==Structure==
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Glucose is a hexavalent polyol whose [[hydroxyl-group]] is oxidized to its C<sub>1</sub> atom in form of an aldehyde. The molecular scaffolding of glucose contains 6 [[carbon]] [[atom]]s, which is therefore characterized as [[aldohexose]].
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==Physiological function==
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The cell uses glucose as a major source of energy and as a metabolic intermediate. The level of plsama glucose is regulated by a [[feedback control]] system containing the [[peptide hormone]]s [[insulin]] and [[glucagon]].
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==Pathophysiology==
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Important [[disorder]]s of glucose metabolism are:
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*[[Hyperglycemia|Hyperglycemic]] diseaes:
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** [[Diabetes mellitus]]
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**[[Glucagonoma]]
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*[[Hypoglycemia|Hypoglcycemic]] diseases:
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** [[Insulinoma]]
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** [[Gycogenosis|Glycogenoses]]

Revision as of 14:03, 24 October 2006

Synonyms: Dextrose, Saccharum amylaceum, Saccharum uvarum
Abbreviation: Glc
Empirical formula: C6H12O6
German: Glukose

1 Definition

Glucose is a monosaccharide that is very common in nature. It is one of the most important carbohydrates.

2 Structure

Glucose is a hexavalent polyol whose hydroxyl-group is oxidized to its C1 atom in form of an aldehyde. The molecular scaffolding of glucose contains 6 carbon atoms, which is therefore characterized as aldohexose.

3 Physiological function

The cell uses glucose as a major source of energy and as a metabolic intermediate. The level of plsama glucose is regulated by a feedback control system containing the peptide hormones insulin and glucagon.

4 Pathophysiology

Important disorders of glucose metabolism are:

This page was last edited on 24 October 2006, at 14:03.

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