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from Greek: συν ("syn") - together; δρόμος ("dromos") - course
German: Syndrom

1 Definition

A syndrome is defined as a medical condition that is characterized by a certain constellation of symptoms or anomalies. The symptoms are all induced by the same cause, and therefore, they always or frequently occur together.

see also: List of syndromes

2 Background

Generally, a syndrome is defined as the combination of different disorders, alterations or findings that can all be traced back to a common cause. The formation mechanism and the development of a disease, pathogenesis, however, are unknown or inconsistent.

In a broader sense, also symptom complexes that are caused by a consistent pathogenesis, but triggered by different collaborative or unknown causes, are called syndrome ("sequence", see below).

Frequently, syndromes are called after the original describer, after the underlying cause, or after their symptoms.

3 Classification

You can differentiate between syndromes of the 1st, the 2nd, and the 3rd order. Syndromes in a more narrow sense are called syndromes of the 1st order. Syndromes of the 2nd order are also called sequence, syndromes of the 3rd order are defined as association. They differ as follows:

Syndrome etiology pathogenesis phenotype
1. Order homogeneous inconsistent or unknown differentiated
2. Order inconsistent or unknown homogeneous differentiated
3. Order unknown unknown differentiated

This page was last edited on 2 May 2017, at 09:46.

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