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Synonyms: lymphatic fluid, lymph fluid
German: Lymphe

1 Definition

The lymph is a watery, milky-clouded body fluid which is stored in the body's lymphatic vessels. It contains electrolytes, proteins, chylomicrons and white blood cells (lymphocytes). The fatty, more clouded lymph of the gastrointestinal tract is designated as chyle.

2 Physiology

The lymph derives from extracapillary fluid. In the process it origins from capillary blood whose fluid leaks into the intercellular space, but in the following does not experience a reuptake to the venous limb of the blood circuit during its passage. However intercellular fluid and lymph are not identical and can be differentiated. The lymph for example is collecting waste products which should be exported of the intracellular space.

Primarily, lymph is collected in lymph capillaries, which connect and form bigger lymph vessels. Particular sections of this lymph streams contain lymph nodes, which serve the filtering of the lymph as well as the immunological defense.

3 Function

In addtion to its function of detoxifying, it is also needed for the drainage of tissue, as excessive fluid of the tissue gets drained into the lymphatic vessels. The daily produced amount of lymph varies between 2 and 3 litres. If the lymph drainage gets disabled, a lymphoid edema occurs.


Specialties: Anatomy

This page was last edited on 15 April 2015, at 10:01.

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