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German: Hyperglykämie

1 Definition

An elevation of blood glucose level above the upper limit of its reference range is referred to as hyperglycemia.

2 Classification

Hyperglycemia is graded as follows:

  • Impaired fasting glucose: elevation of blood glucose above the upper limit of the fasting reference range of 60 to 110 mg/dl (3.3 - 6.1 mmol/l) but below 200 mg/dl (11 mmol/l).
  • Pathological gucose tolerance: elevation of glucose levels above the maximum permissible value for glucose tolerance test (140 mg/dl or 7.8 mmol/l) but below 200 mg/dl (11 mmol/l).
  • Diabetes mellitus: Elevation of glucose level above 200 mg/dl (11 mmol/l) postprandial or above 120 mg/dl (6,7 mmol/l) fasting.

True hyperthyroidism by exceeding function of the thyroid gland is used to be distinguished from thyrotoxicosis by exogenously supplied thyroxine, e. g. by misdosage (Thyreotoxicosis factitia).

This page was last edited on 31 March 2014, at 10:42.

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