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Human body

German: Menschlicher Körper

1 Definition

The human body is the material component of the human. It is an organic construct, merged out of cells which owns a genetic defined, complete shape.

2 Background

A body can be alive or inanimate. An inanimate human body is referred to as corpse and is juristically defined as an object. Without its life-sustaining processes of metabolism, the body loses its shape very fast and underlies processes of decay. It converts into cadaver then. An exception is shown by the artificial conservation of the body as an anatomical preparation or as a mummy.

The human body is considered as a "being" or rather "living human being" if the evidence of metabolic processes can be provided. That is to say that the inherent life, whose basic modules and processes of function are coded inside of the DNA. Additional elements of the living human being are psychical processes, which are referred to as conciousness or mind. In fields of religion the soul is introduced additionally as a body-independant instance of the human, which has no material/substantial correlation.

3 Classification

Roughly, the body can be divided anatomically in several morphological segments, called body parts (e.g. arm, leg, head). The parts which protrude from the body are referred to as extremities. Aside of this rough topographical classification, the body is divided with help of the systematical anatomy into different apparatus. This classification contains the following:

4 Body and Science

The human body is a relevant subject of intensive scientific research for centuries. The scientifical evaluation of the body cannot be "neutral", since it is a self-observation, in which the human objectifies parts of his self. Therefore, these findings are frequently influenced by ethnic, religous or philosophic elements.

The composition of the human body is described by the anatomy, its regulation and metabolism are explained by physiology and biochemics, information procedures by genetics. Diseases and dysfunctions of the body, as well as their healing are subject of research in fields of medicine. On top there is a large amount of further fields which deal with explicit aspects of the human body, e.g. nutrition science.

5 Physical integrity

The integrity of the body and its inviolability contain a high ethincal value in human society. It is retained in several laws due to its protection. Every intervention concerning the physical integrity can be interpreted as bodily injury. Accordingly, every medical procedure concerning and disrupting the body's integrity - even the rather banal punction of a vessel - is a bodily injury in the juristical sense. The character of illegality of the medical acting can only be avoided by a consent of the patient.

Specialties: Anatomy

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