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Superior phrenic artery

Synonyms: Upper phrenic artery
German: Arteria phrenica superior

1 Definition

The superior phrenic arteries are a pair of small vascular branches of the thoracic artery that exit immediately above the diaphragm.

2 Course

The superior phrenic arteries spread into the diaphragm, which they supply with arterial blood. There it anastomises with the musculophrenic artery, the pericardiacophrenic artery, and the inferior phrenic artery.

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