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Skeleton

German: Skelett

1 Definition

The term skeleton is used to define the totality of the bones of an organism, in other words the scaffold needed for constructing the body. The human skeleton consists of 206 bones (number may vary individually).

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2 Subcategorisation

In humans, a distinction exists between axial and limb skeleton.

2.1 Axial skeleton

The axial skeleton (skeleton axiale) refers to the torso-forming bones, in particular the following:

2.2 Limb skeleton

The limb skeleton (skeleton appendiculare) is made up of the bones of the pelvis, the shoulder girdle, the upper and lower limbs:

3 Skeletal system

The skeletal system is used as a term in the broader sense to mean the entire passive musculoskeletal system involving bone, ligaments, joints and joint capsules.

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