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Medical Cybernetics

German: Medizinische Kybernetik

1 Definition

Medical Cybernetics denotes a section of cybernetics. It indicates a working program for applying systems theoretical, information theoretical, connectionistic and decision theoretical concepts for biomedical research and clinical medicine (adapted from Dietrich 1999-2004).

2 Branches

2.1 Medical Systems Theory

Subject of medical systems theory is identifying, describing, quantifying and modelling physiological dynamics in healthy and diseased organisms in order to gain new and deeper insights in organizational principles of life and its perturbations.

2.2 Medical Information and Communication Theory

Based on the awareness of information as an essential fundament of life, medical information and communication theory tries to mathematically describe signal transfer processes in different physiological layers.

2.3 Connectionism

Connectionistic models specify information processing in neural networks and thus form a bridge between biological research and technical application.

2.4 Medical Decision Theory

The goal of medical decision theory is formulating evidence based foundations for clinical decision making.

3 Scientists

4 References

  • Cruse, H. (1981). Biologische Kybernetik. Weinheim, Deerfield Beach (Fl.), Basel, Verlag Chemie.
  • Dietrich, J. W. (1999-2004). Medizinische Kybernetik - Eine Definition. Medizinische Kybernetik | Medical Cybernetics. http://www.medizinische-kybernetik.de/deutsch/definition.html (13 Jun. 2004).
  • Fischer, M. R. und W. Bartens (1999). Zwischen Erfahrung und Beweis - medizinische Entscheidungen und Evidence-based Medicine. Bern, Göttingen, Toronto, Seattle, Verlag Hans Huber.
  • Fischer, M. R. und W. Bartens (1999). Zwischen Erfahrung und Beweis - medizinische Entscheidungen und Evidence-based Medicine. Bern, Göttingen, Toronto, Seattle, Verlag Hans Huber.
  • Gross, R. und M. Löffler (1997). Prinzipien der Medizin. Berlin, Heidelberg, New York, Springer.
  • Kitano, H. (Hrsg.) (2001). Foundations of Systems Biology. Cambridge (Massachusetts), London, MIT Press.
  • Mittelstaedt, H. (1988). The Information Processing Structure of the Subjective Vertical. A Cybernetic Bridge between its Psychophysics and its Neurobiology. In: Processing Structures for Perception and Action: Final Report of the Sonderforschungsbereich "Kybernetik" 1969-1983/DFG. H. Marko, G. Hauske und A. Struppler (Hrsg). Weinheim, New York, Cambridge, Basel, VCH: 217-63.
  • Röhler, R. (1973). Biologische Kybernetik. Stuttgart, B. G. Teubner.
  • Sachsse, H. (1971). Einführung in die Kybernetik. Braunschweig, Friedr. Vieweg + Sohn.
  • Sackett, D. L., S. E. Straus, W. S. Richardson, W. Rosenberg und R. B. Haynes (2000). Evidence-based Medicine. Edinburgh, Churchill Livingstone.
  • Shvartsman, S. Y., M. P. Hagan, A. Yacoub, P. Dent, H. S. Wiley, et al. (2002). “Autocrine loops with positive feedback enable context-dependent cell signaling.â€? Am J Physiol Cell Physiol 282 : C545-59.
  • Sox, H. C., M. A. Blatt, M. C. Higgins und K. I. Marton (1988). Medical Decision Making. 1 °, Boston, Butterworths.
  • Tretter, F. (1989). “Systemwissenschaft in der Medizin.â€? Dt. Ärzteblatt 86 : A3198.
  • Varjú, D. (1977). Systemtheorie für Biologen und Mediziner. Berlin, Heidelberg, New York, Springer.
  • Watzlawick, P., J. H. Beavin und J. D. D. (2000). Menschliche Kommunikation. Bern, Göttingen, Toronto, Seattle, Verlag Hans Huber.
  • Wiener, N. (1999). Cybernetics. Cambridge, Ma., MIT Press.

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