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Head

Synonyms: caput (Latin), cephalon (Greek)
German: Kopf

1 Definition

The head is the uppermost part of the human body that hosts the brain, the food uptake organs, the access to the airways and important sensory organs.

2 Anatomy

The bony base of the head is the skull, which is mobile on the cervical spine and secured by numerous ligaments and muscles. The most important part of the head is the face, which takes up almost the complete anterior surface of the head. The face is formed by the viscerocranium and has three key characteristics:

The head has numerous cavities inside which are either filled by organs or pneumatized. These include:

2.1 Topography

Anatomically, the head can be divided into different regions, the regiones capiti (cranial regions) or regiones faciales (facial regions). They facilitate the description of the topography (location) of structures or pathological alterations. The most important regions comprise:

Latin English
Regio buccalis Cheeks
Regio infraorbitalis Infraorbital region
Regio mentalis Chin
Regio nasalis Nasal region
Regio oralis Oral region
Regio orbitalis Orbital region
Regio parotideomasseterica Parotideal region
Regio zygomatica Zygomatic region
Latin English
Regio auricularis Auricular region
Regio frontalis Forehead region
Regio mastoidea Mastoid region
Regio occipitalis Occipital region
Regio parietalis Parietal region
Regio temporalis Temporal region

Already in the cervical region, at the caudal border, you can find the submental triangle and the submandibular triangle.

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