German: zerebrales Blutvolumen
The neurocranium of a typical human adult contains approximately:
The CBV values for the two main components of the brain are:
A significant increase in the volume of blood within the neocranium (as a consequence of, e.g. intracranial hematoma or acute cerebral hemorrhage) violates the Monro-Kellie doctrine and can cause a life-threatening increase in intracranial pressure. This can lead to either tentorial herniation or tonsillar herniation. An ischemic stroke, on the other hand, results in a significant reduction in the CBV.
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